Hapkido – Joint Lock Techniques
In Hapkido, joint locks are categorized by the joints that they attack. For the upper body, there are wrist locks, elbow locks, shoulder locks, finger locks as well as arm-bars. Leg locks and ankle locks are also practiced in Hapkido.
When applying joint locks in Hapkido, it is important to keep your balance and to use your strength against your opponent’s weakness. A person has an optimal area of control that forms a box in front of their body. This box ranges from your shoulders to the hanging elbows and is approximately the length of your forearms and hands plus 15 cm (6 inches). When applying joint locks, you want to apply locks in this area of control. Ideally, you want your opponent to have their hands outside their area of control and you have disrupted their balance. To keep yourself “centered” requires more than keeping your center of balance over feet, it also requires a good breathing technique in order to apply your locks smoothly and accurately.
Examples of Hapkido Joint Locks
- Hapkido Armbar – Under The Arm
- Hapkido Wrist Locking – Outer or V Lock
- Hapkido Wrist Lock – S Lock or Z Arm
- Hapkido Wrist Lock – Reverse Handshake
- Hapkido Wrist Lock – Inner Wrist
Demonstration Video of Hapkido Joint Locks
- Scott Shaw Joint Locks , http://www.scottshaw.com/jointlocks.html, Added – 10/08/14