Judo Terminology – Key Words & Commands

Here are many of the key words and commands used in Judo terminology. This Japanese martial arts style utilizes Japanese words and commands. These Japanese words are used for warm-ups, training sessions, kata, counting (i.e. during stretching), etc. For the Japanese names of specific techniques (i.e. Hip Wheel Throw), please visit the main Judo Techniques section.

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Related Pages

  1. Judo Techniques
  2. Japanese Numbers
  3. Japanese Body Parts

Judo Terms & Commands – English to Japanese

  • The person performing a technique – Tori
  • The person on the receiving end of a technique – Uke
  • Attention – Keiotsuke
  • Begin – Hajime
  • Belt – Obi
  • Bow – Rei
  • Break Your Fall – Ukemi
  • Carry On (continue the contest) – Yoshi
  • Collar of Uniform – Eri
  • Counter Techniques – Kaeshi Waza
  • Evasion – Sukasu
  • Foot – Ashi
  • Foot Techniques – Ashi Waza
  • Form or Pattern – Kata
  • Free Style Practice (non-scripted) – Randori
  • Give Up – Maitta
  • Grappling Techniques – Katame Waza
  • Ground Techniques – Ne Waza
  • Hand Techniques – Te Waza
  • Hip Techniques – Koshi Waza
  • Joint Locks – Kansetsu Waza

 

  • Kick – Geri or Keri
  • Kneeling Bow – Zarei
  • Martial Arts School – Dojo
  • Numbers – For the Japanese words for numbers such as 1-100, please visit the Japanese Numbers section.
  • Please – Dozo
  • Practice/Training Mat – Tatami
  • Punch – Tsuki or Zuki
  • Referee – Shinpan
  • Sacrifice Techniques – Sutemi Waza
  • School (Judo) – Dojo
  • Shoulder Throw – Seoi-Nage
  • Stance – Dachi
  • Start – Hajime
  • Stop – Matte
  • Sweeping Techniques – Harau
  • Teacher/Instructor – Sensei
  • Technique – Waza
  • Thank You Very Much – Arigatou Gozaimasu (or Domo Arigatou Gozaimasu)
  • Throw – Nage
  • Tournament, Contest or Sparring Match – Shiai
  • Unbalancing An Opponent – Kuzushi
  • Uniform – Judogi
  • Warning – Keikoku

Judo Terms & Commands – Japanese to English

  • Arigatou Gozaimasu (or Domo Arigatou Gozaimasu) – Thank You Very Much
  • Waza – Foot Techniques
  • Dachi – Stance
  • Dojo – School (Judo)
  • Dozo – Please
  • Eri – Collar of Uniform
  • Geri (Keri) – Kick
  • Hajime – Begin/Start
  • Harau – Sweeping Techniques
  • Judogi – Uniform
  • Kaeshi Waza – Counter Techniques
  • Kansetsu Waza – Joint Locks
  • Kata – Form or Pattern
  • Katame Waza – Grappling Techniques
  • Keikoku – Warning
  • Keiotsuke – Attention
  • Koshi Waza – Hip Techniques
  • Kuzushi – Unbalancing An Opponent
  • Matte – Stop
  • Maitta – Give Up
  • Nage – Throw

 

  • Ne Waza – Ground Techniques
  • Obi – Belt
  • Randori – Free Style Practice (non-scripted)
  • Rei – Bow
  • Sensei – Teacher/Instructor
  • Seoi-Nage – Shoulder Throw
  • Shiai – Tournament, Contest or Sparring Match
  • Shinpan – Referee
  • Sukasu – Evasion
  • Sutemi Waza – Sacrifice Techniques
  • Tatami – Practice/Training Mat
  • Te Waza – Hand Techniques
  • Tori – The person performing a technique
  • Tsuki – Punch
  • Uke – The person on the receiving end of a technique
  • Ukemi – Break Your Fall
  • Waza – Technique
  • Yoshi – Carry On (continue the contest)
  • Zara – Kneeling Bow

Judo – Japanese Numbers

  • One – Ichi
  • Two – Ni
  • Three – San
  • Four – Shi
  • Five – Go
  • Six – Roku
  • Seven – Nana
  • Eight – Hachi
  • Nine – Kyu
  • Ten – Juu
  • Eleven – Juu Ichi
  • Twelve – Juu Ni
  • Thirteen – Juu San
  • Fourteen – Juu Shi
  • Fifteen – Juu Go
  • Sixteen – Juu Roku
  • Seventeen – Juu Nana
  • Eighteen – Juu Hachi
  • Nineteen – Juu Kyu
  • Twenty – Ni Juu
  • For additional numbers (i.e. 100), please visit Black Belt Wiki’s main Japanese Numbers section.

Judo Terminology

Judo Terminology – Shiai (Contest)

Judo Terminology

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