This page provides instructions for Taekwondo forms (i.e. WT or WTF Taekwondo forms). It covers color belt forms and black belt forms. You will need to learn these Taekwondo forms in order to be awarded your next level Taekwondo color belt or black belt. Forms can also be called Taekwondo poomsae, Taekwondo poomse and Taekwondo pumsae.
This Taekwondo form section covers the eight WTF Taekwondo color belt forms (Taegeuk forms) and the nine WTF Taekwondo black belt forms. Most WTF Taekwondo schools use Taegeuk forms for the color belt levels. However, before the current Taegeuk forms were adopted, the WTF used Palgwe forms. Therefore, there are still some Taekwondo schools that use the older Palgwe forms. Please check with your instructor to see your Taekwondo school uses Taegeuk forms (listed below) or Palgwe forms.
If you are looking for ITF Taekwondo patterns (i.e. Chon-Ji), please go to the Black Belt Wiki section on ITF Taekwondo Patterns.
FYI – This Black Belt Wiki section provides details & videos for the World Taekwondo (formerly known as WTF) forms. In 2017, the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) changed its name to World Taekwondo (WT). This has led to a little confusion regarding what are WTF and WT forms but they are the same thing. The forms were not changed. The organization simply changed its name in order to avoid the negative connotation associated with “WTF”.
Wiki – Best Taekwondo Books
Introductory Non-Belt or White Belt Forms (Kibon) – Kibon are introductory forms taught to entry-level students at some Taekwondo schools.
- Taekwondo Kibon 1 or Kibon Hana
- Some schools also have Kibon 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, etc.
List of Taekwondo Color Belt Forms (Taegeuk) – Click on pages below for form videos and/or written instructions.
- Taekwondo Form 1 – Il Jang
- Taekwondo Form 2 – Ee Jang
- Taekwondo Form 3 – Sam Jang
- Taekwondo Form 4 – Sa Jang
- Taekwondo Form 5 – Oh Jang
- Taekwondo Form 6 – Yuk Jang
- Taekwondo Form 7 – Chil Jang
- Taekwondo Form 8 – Pal Jang
List of Taekwondo Black Belt Forms – Click on pages below for form videos and/or written instructions.
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 1 – Koryo
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 2 – Keumgang
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 3 – Taebaek
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 4 – Pyongwon
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 5 – Sipjin
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 6 – Jitae
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 7 – Cheonkwon
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 8 – Hansu
- Taekwondo Black Belt Form 9 – Ilyo
Beyond remembering the correct sequence of punches and kicks, most Taekwondo students also need to work on their balance and Taekwondo stances when doing forms. In addition, most students are tested on the meaning of each form. Therefore, students should also visit the Black Belt Wiki section focused on meaning of Taegeuk forms in order to prep for a belt test.
Reasons for Taekwondo Forms & Patterns
The Korean term for Taekwondo forms is Poomse. Poomse can also be spelled as Poomsae, Pumsae, etc. In addition, forms are also known as patterns, teul, tul, hyeong, hyung, etc. In contrast, kata is the name used for forms & patterns by Japanese martial arts such as Karate.
Many martial arts styles use forms in order to help students practice certain moves (i.e. kicking techniques, self-defense techniques and various strikes) as well as for improving a student’s physical conditioning, muscle memory, focus/concentration, balance, etc. For additional benefits and reasons, you should read Black Belt Wiki’s sections on the Benefits of Forms, Patterns & Kata and Are Forms, Patterns & Kata Useful or Useless.
To master forms, martial arts students should try to imagine that they are fighting an imaginary opponent. This allows students to practice “offensive” and “defensive” techniques (i.e. strike the imaginary opponent’s neck at the correct height and angle) versus just going through the motions in order to pass a belt test.
Taekwondo Form Questions
What is a Taekwondo form?
Taekwondo forms are a series of standardized movements that Taekwondo students use in order to practice “offensive” and “defensive” techniques without a partner. Taekwondo students must perform the movements correctly in each form in order to pass belt tests. Beyond helping Taekwondo students to practice Taekwondo kicks and strikes, forms are also used to improve a student’s physical conditioning, muscle memory, focus/concentration, balance, etc. In the Korean, Taekwondo forms are known as poomsae, poomse or pumsae.
What is poomsae?
Poomsae is the Korean word for Taekwondo form. Taekwondo poomsae can also be spelled as Taekwondo poomse and Taekwondo pumsae. Taekwondo poomsae helps a student to practice offensive and defensive martial arts techniques (i.e. kicks and punches) without the need for a partner. Taekwondo students must perform the standardized form movements correctly in Taekwondo poomsae in order to pass belt tests.
What does WTF Taekwondo mean?
WTF Taekwondo stands for World Taekwondo Federation (WTF). In 2017, the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) changed its name to World Taekwondo (WT). This has led to some confusion regarding what are WTF forms and WT forms but they are the same thing. The forms were not changed. The organization simply changed its name in order to avoid the negative connotation associated with “WTF”.
What is kata in Taekwondo?
Kata is the Japanese word for form. However, Taekwondo is a Korean martial arts style and uses Korean words and terminology. The word for form in Taekwondo is Poomsae. It may also be spelled Poomse or Pumsae.
Korean Master Demonstrating Taekwondo Form 1 (Taegeuk Il Jang)
Taegeuk Il Jang – Video Instructions for Taekwondo Form 1
Taekwondo Forms Demonstration
Image provided by Wikimedia Commons