Taekwondo Terminology

List of Taekwondo Terms and Commands

Here are many of the basic Korean words, terms and commands used in Taekwondo. Many Taekwondo schools in the USA and around the world are run by Korean instructors thus you will have to learn some basic Korean during your training (i.e. Korean numbersKorean names of kicks, etc.). This Korean vocabulary is often used by Taekwondo instructors during WTF Taekwondo formsITF Taekwondo patternssparringstretching, drills, etc.

For other martial arts words & commands, please visit the main Martial Arts Terminology section.

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Taekwondo Words & Commands – English to Korean

  • Arc Hand – Ageumson
  • Arm – Pal
  • Attention – Charyut (sounds like Chari-yut)
  • Begin – Sijak
  • Belt – Ti
  • Block – Makgi (sounds like Mah-key)
  • Bow – Kyungnet
  • Breaking – Gyeok-pa, Kyeok-pa, Kyuk-pa, etc.
  • Continue – Kaesok
  • Dodge or Evade – Pihagi
  • Elbow – Palgup
  • Fist – Joomock
  • Foot – Baal
  • Foot (Ball of Foot) – Apchuk
  • Foot Blade – Balnal
  • Foot Instep – Baldeung
  • Forms – Poomse or Poomsae (sounds like Poom-say)
  • Grab – Japgi
  • Hand – Son
  • Head – Mori
  • Instructor – Sabomnim (sounds like Sah-bum-nim)
  • Jump – Ttwigi
  • Kick – Chagi (sounds like Cha-gee)
  • Knee – Mureup
  • Leg – Dari
  • Neck – Mok (or Mog)
  • Punch – Jireugi
  • Push – Milgi
  • Ready – Joon Bi
  • Referee – Joo Sim
  • Return (i.e. turn & face instructor at the end of a form) – Baro (sounds like Baa-row)
  • School (Taekwondo) – Dojang
  • Self-Defense – Hosinsool
  • Shin – Jeonggangi
  • Sparring – Kyorugi
  • Stance – Sogi or Seogi (sounds like Say-oh-gee)
  • Stop – Kalyeo
  • Strike – Chigi (sounds like Chee-gee)
  • Thank you – Kamsa Hamnae Da (sounds like Kamsa-ham-ni-da)
  • Thrust – Jjireugi
  • Uniform – Dobok
  • Yell – Kihap (sounds like Kee-yah-p) – word to use when you are kicking or punching for power

Taekwondo Kicks – English to Korean

Taekwondo Names for Body Parts – English to Korean

  • Abdomen (Belly) – Bae
  • Ankle – Balmok
  • Arm – Pal
  • Back – Teung or Deung
  • Bone – Ppyeo
  • Chest – Kaseum
  • Chin/Jaw – Tuk or Teok
  • Ear – Gwi
  • Elbow – Palgup or Palkkumchi
  • Eye – Noon
  • Finger – Songarak
  • Fist – Joomock
  • Foot – Bal
  • Foot (Ball of Foot) – Apchuk
  • Foot Blade – Balnal
  • Foot Instep – Baldeung
  • Groin – Nang Sim
  • Hair – Morikarak
  • Hand – Son
  • Head – Mori or Meori
  • Knee – Mureup
  • Leg – Dari or Tari
  • Mouth – Ip
  • Neck – Mok or Mog
  • Nose – Ko
  • Shin – Jeonggangi
  • Throat – Mokgumeong
  • Wrist – Son Mok

Taekwondo Numbers – English to Korean

  • One – Hana (“Ha-na”)
  • Two – Dul (“Dhool”)
  • Three – Set (“Set”)
  • Four – Net (“Net”)
  • Five – Dasot (“Da-sut”)
  • Six – Yasot (“Yo-sut”)
  • Seven – Ilgup (“Eel-gope”)
  • Eight – Yodol (“Yo-dull”)
  • Nine – Ahop (“Ah-hope”)
  • Ten – Yeol (“Yull”)
  • For 11 through 19, add the Korean word for 10 in front of the last number. For example, eleven is Yeol Hana (“Yull Ha-na”) – the Korean words for 10 and 1.
  • Eleven – Yeol Hana (“Yull Ha-na”)
  • Twelve – Yeol Dul (“Yull Dhool”)
  • Thirteen – Yeol Set (“Yull Set”)
  • Fourteen – Yeol Net (“Yull Net”)
  • Fifteen – Yeol Dasot (“Yull Da-sut”)
  • Sixteen – Yeol Yasot (“Yull Yo-Sut”)
  • Seventeen – Yeol Ilgup (“Yull Eel-gope”)
  • Eighteen – Yeol Yodol (“Yull Yo-dull”)
  • Nineteen – Yeol Ahop (“Yull Ah-hope”)
  • Twenty – Seu-Mool (“Sew-mool”)

Taekwondo – Basic Commands

Taekwondo – Count to 10

Taekwondo – Sparring Terminology

References

  1. TaekwondoAnimals.com, Taekwondo Words & Commands, http://www.taekwondoanimals.com/taekwondo-words-terms.asp
  2. Kukkiwon World Taekwondo Headquarters, Taekwondo Techniques, http://www.kukkiwon.or.kr/front/pageView.action?cmd=/eng/information/taekwondoSkill2

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