Kendo Terminology

Kendo Terminology

This page lists key Kendo terminology & commands. This Japanese martial arts uses Japanese words and commands for its training and sparring sessions. For other martial arts words & commands, please visit the main Martial Arts Terminology section.

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Terms & Commands used in Kendo

  • Armor – Bogu
  • Backwards – Ato
  • Basic Techniques – Kihon or Kihon Waza
  • Begin/Start – Hajime
  • Belt – Obi
  • Body Movement – Tai Sabaki
  • Bow – Rei
  • Chest Protector – Do
  • Foot – Ashi
  • Forms or Patterns – Kata
  • Forward – Mae
  • Free Sparring Practice – Ji-Geiko
  • Gloves – Kote
  • Helmet – Men
  • Hip Protector – Tare
  • Left – Hidari
  • Line/To Form A Line – Retsu
  • Opponent – Aite
  • Practice Jacket – Kendogi
  • Practice Pants – Hakama
  • Practice Bamboo Sword – Shinai
  • Practice Hard Wood Sword – Bokken
  • Referee – Shinpan
  • Right – Migi
  • Stance – Kamae
  • Step Back – Sagare
  • Step Forward – Susume
  • Stop/Finish – Yame
  • Target Cutting – Tameshigiri
  • Teacher – Sensei
  • Thank You (Formal) – Domo Arigato
  • Thank You (Informal) – Domo

Introduction to Kendo Terminology

Japanese Counting System used in Kendo

  • One – Ichi
  • Two – Ni
  • Three – San
  • Four – Shi
  • Five – Go
  • Six – Roku
  • Seven – Shichi
  • Eight – Hachi
  • Nine – Kyu
  • Ten – Jyu
  • Eleven – Jyu Ichi
  • Twelve – Jyu Ni
  • Thirteen – Jyu San
  • Fourteen – Jyu Shi
  • Fifteen – Jyu Go
  • Sixteen – Jyu Roku
  • Seventeen – Jyu Shichi
  • Eighteen – Jyu Hachi
  • Nineteen – Jyu Kyu
  • Twenty – Ni Jyu

How to Count in Japanese

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