Hapkido Terminology

Hapkido Terminology – Key Words, Terms and Commands

This page focuses on the Korean words, terms and commands used in Hapkido terminology. For other martial arts words & commands, please visit the main Martial Arts Terminology section.

If you are looking for the Korean names for various Hapkido techniques (i.e. kicks or strikes), please visit the sections focused on Hapkido KicksHapkido Punches & Hand Strikes or Hapkido Throws.

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Important Hapkido Words & Commands

  1. Attention – Charyut (“Chari-yut”)
  2. Begin – Sijak
  3. Block – Maggi
  4. Bow – Kyungnet
  5. Breaking – Kyukpa
  6. Continue – Kaesok
  7. Fist – Joomock
  8. Foot – Baal
  9. Forms – Poomse
  10. Hand – Son
  11. Head – Moli
  12. Instructor – Sabomnim (“Sah-bum-nim”)
  13. Kick – Chagi (“Cha-gee”)
  14. Joint Locks – Keuk-gi
  15. Leg – Dari
  16. Martial Arts School/Studio – Dojang
  17. Punch/Strike – Chigi
  18. Ready – Joon Bi
  19. Referee – Joo Sim
  20. Return – Baro (as in turn & face the Master at the end of your form)
  21. Self-Defense – Hosinsool
  22. Sparring – Kyorugi
  23. Stance – Sogi
  24. Stop – Kalyeo
  25. Thank you – Kamsa Hamnae Da (“Kamsa-ham-ni-da”)
  26. Throws – Dungee-gi
  27. Uniform – Dobok
  28. Yell – Kihap (“Kee-yah-p”) – word to use when you are kicking or punching for power

Hapkido – How to Count in Korean

  1. One – Hana (“Ha-na”)
  2. Two – Dul (“Dhool”)
  3. Three – Set (“Set”)
  4. Four – Net (“Net”)
  5. Five – Dasot (“Da-sut”)
  6. Six – Yasot (“Yo-sut”)
  7. Seven – Ilgup (“Eel-gope”)
  8. Eight – Yodol (“Yo-dull”)
  9. Nine – Ahop (“Ah-hope”)
  10. Ten – Yeol (“Yull”)
  11. For 11 through 19, add the Korean word for 10 in front of the last number. For example, eleven is Yeol Hana (“Yull Ha-na”) – the Korean words for 10 and 1.
  12. For more Korean numbers, please visit the section on Hapkido numbers.

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